Fortress of Chakvinji (Region of Samegrelo)
Fortress of Chakvinji (Georg. ჭაქვინჯი). There is an opinion that the castle was used as a signal in case of the approach of the Turks. The lowest layer of the building dates back to the 4th-5th centuries, the middle level dates back to the 9th-11th centuries, and the most significant reconstruction, during which loopholes for firearms were made in the fortress wall, took place in the 16th-18th centuries. The famous Georgian historian Vakhushti Bagrationi called Chakvinji the summer residence of the rulers of Samegrelo.
The fortress complex consists of a citadel, towers and a lower courtyard, where an underground passage leads from the citadel, which was probably used during the siege. According to the archaeological excavations carried out in the fortress, there was also a church, chambers and other structures on the territory of the fortress. The chambers, lined with well-hewn stone, were rectangular in shape and had two floors. The vaults of the chambers rested on pylons. The church was small and dates from the second half of the 13th century.Fortress of Chakvinji is included in the list of cultural monuments of national importance in Georgia.