Duration: 10-12 hours
Tour programme : Tbilisi -Dmanisi – Fortress of Kveshi – Bolnisi -Tbilisi
The Kvemo Kartli region was formerly called Trialeti. This region of Georgia is inextricably linked not only with the history of the country from ancient times, but also with the history of all mankind.
Exactly here, during excavations, five skeletons of hominids, classified as Homo Georgicus, about 1 800 000 years old, were found in Europe, the remains of clay vessels with seeds of cultivated grapes dating back to the VI millennium BC were found, allowing scientists to talk about Georgia as the homeland of winemaking.
Visit to the unique fortification of Dmanisi – the most important cultural monument in the Kvemo Kartli region. These are the remains of a big city. People settled here in the early Bronze Age – about 3,000 BC. Excavations on the territory of the settlement began in the 30s of the last century. As soon as archaeologists began to work, the earth began to reveal its secrets layer by layer. But the most amazing find (2001) is the remains of an ancient man. The analysis proved that these are our distant ancestors who first left Africa and colonized Europe. Experts have found that fragments of the jaw and skull belong to a bipedal man, and their age reaches 1.8 million years. Further, many more fragments were discovered and scientists were able to reconstruct the appearance of the so-called Dmanis Homo georgicus.
At the top of the site is an ancient fortress. These are the ruins of a once grandiose building. In some places, the height of buildings today reaches 2.4 – 3 meters. Earlier it was possible to enter the territory through the only gate. The ruins of three towers have been preserved, all of them facing south. The main defense of the fortress is its location. It rises on a high hill, and on both sides there are gorges, which made it practically impregnable and protected the city from invaders. On the territory of the ancient city is Dmanisi’s Sioni – one of the 5 Zion temples in Georgia (VI-VII centuries). In which fragments of ancient paintings are preserved.
Visit to the medieval fortress of Kveshi – built between the 7th-9th centuries, on a low accessible rock. Kveshi fortress represented the royal and princely residence. Until the end of the 18th century, it served as one of the main outposts to deter enemy forces penetrating the region from the south. Here, over the centuries, an important trade road has passed. The entrance to the fortress is a tunnel carved into the rock. There are many traces of antiquity on the territory of the fortress. The most ancient of them are stone stelae of the 7th-8th centuries, in some places decorated with carved ornaments. The fortress is special in that it was a kind of center for meeting Western and Eastern cultures. The surrounding area offers beautiful views.
Visit to the monastery of the Apostles Peter and Paul on Mount Eliya. The monastery has an interesting architecture. Guests can enjoy magnificent views from the amazing observation deck. Views from the monastery walls are shrouded in silence and tranquility. Brotherly cells are located so that any stellar hotel can envy the magnificent panorama. On the terraces, descending in tiers from the monastery complex, vineyards are broken, grafted vines of various species and 90% of the vines are unique species. These are “Shavkapito”, “Chinuri”, “Goruli Mtsvane”, “Kisi” and “Saperavi”. Other breeds that bear fruit in Georgia and have long been tested in the local climate have been vaccinated with them. These vineyards on the terraces have no analogues in the country. If desired, you can organize a tasting of unique monastery wines.
Visit Bolnisi – a city with different names: Katarinenfeld, Luxembourg and now – Bolnisi. In past centuries, there were German villages in the Kvemo Kartli region. The German history of Bolnisi began in 1818, when the Germans were evacuated from Swabia. The German settlement was originally called Katarinenfeld. At that time, the city had a clear linear layout, and the main street was called Tifliser-Strasse. In the center was a crossroads, from which a Lutheran temple stood to the south. In 1941, after the outbreak of war, all local Germans were resettled in Siberia or Kazakhstan. The surviving German architecture is not limited only to ground structures. The houses have an unusual shape, which is not typical for Georgian architecture and there is a cellar under each house.
Return to Tbilisi.
The total price of excursions $ ( US Dollar)
|Number of persons||1-3 per||4-6 per||7-16 per||17 -30 per|
|Mode of transport||Sedan||Minivan||Minibus||Bus|
|Price of excursions||100$||160$||220$||350 $|
Group rates $ (US Dollars)
Sedan: 1 per – 100$; 2 per – 50$; 3 per – 33$.
Minivan: 4 per –40$ ; 5 per – 32$; 6 per – 27$.
Minibus : 6 per – 37$; 7 per – 32$; 8 per – 28$; 9 per– 25$; 10 per- 22$ …….
Bus: 16 per – 22$; 17 per – 20$; 18 per– 19$; 19 per – 19$; 20 per- 17 $ ….
Price Includes: Transport throughout all round, Medical insurance, Service of qualified guide.
*Timetables : on request